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MPV (Monkeypox Virus)

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox.

The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970. Prior to the 2022 outbreak, monkeypox had been reported in people in several central and western African countries. Previously, almost all monkeypox cases in people outside of Africa were linked to international travel to countries where the disease commonly occurs or through imported animals. These cases occurred on multiple continents.

Monkeypox 2022 outbreak: 

How does it spread?

Monkeypox can spread from person-to-person through direct contact with a rash or sore on someone infected with MPV, respiratory contact through prolonged face to face or other intimate physical contact, and touching items that were previously in contact with infectious rash or body fluids (items such as clothing or linens). Monkeypox is not an STD.

Monkepox can spread through intimate contact such as:

  • Sexual contact (including oral, anal, and vaginal sex)
  • Hugging, cuddling, or kissing
  • Sharing clothes, towels, or a bed that has not been washed

Monkeypox does not spread through:

  • Casual conversation with a person that is infected
  • Walking by an individual that is infected


Monkeypox is able to spread from when a rash (and other symptoms) first begins and will remain infectious until scabs form over lesions, fall off, and a new layer of skin has formed.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms can begin between 2-21 days after exposure, and can last for 2-4 weeks. The most common symptoms are a fever along with a rash that can look like pimples or blisters. They can appear on all body parts including the face, inside the mouth, and on genitals. These rashes will go through different stages before healing. Flu-like symptoms, as well as swollen lymph nodes can occur before or along with the rash and sores. 

If you or your partners are sick do not have sex or close physical contact, especially if you have a rash. Separate yourself from other people and pets, cover your lesions, and call your healthcare provider.

4 images of lesions to help identify monkeypox rash 6 images of lesions to help identify monkeypox rash
  • Avoid skin-to-skin contact with people who have a MPV-like rash
  • Do not handle or touch towels, clothes, or bedding of someone with MPV
  • Wash hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer


For a printable version of the Fact Sheet, please click here. For a detailed FAQ please click here. For the latest updates from the CDC, follow this link.  If you or anyone you know begins feeling the symptoms of MPV, contact a healthcare provider to get tested. If you have questions or think you may be eligible to get vaccinated, please call the Kendall County Health Department at 630.553.8306.


Serving the Residents of Kendall County Since 1966
811 W. John Street, Yorkville, IL 60560   •   630-553-9100