811 W. John Street, Yorkville, IL 60560
For 24/7 Mental or Public Health Emergencies, call 630-553-9100
Monday - Thursday: 8:30am - 7:00pm   •   Friday: 8:30am - 4:30pm

 

AIDS- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

 

Causes

AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This retrovirus invades and destroys cells of the immune system resulting in lowered resistance to infections and some types of cancers.

Signs and Symptoms

Fatigue, unexplained weight loss, recurrent respiratory and skin infections, fever, swollen lymph glands throughout the body, enlarged spleen, diarrhea, mouth sores, night sweats. The presence of one or more opportunistic diseases such as Kaposi’s Sarcoma, Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP), or Tuberculosis may trigger the classification of AIDS in an HIV positive individual. Symptoms of AIDS may not appear for 10 or more years.

Incubation Period

The time from HIV infection to AIDS can be from 2 months to 10 years or more.

Transmission

HIV is present in certain body fluids (semen, blood, and vaginal secretions, breast milk) of infected individuals. Transmission occurs through person to person by sexual contact, exchange of blood or semen, by sharing HIV contaminated intravenous needles and syringes, transfusion of blood or blood products and breast milk which contains HIV. Routine social or community contact with an HIV-infected person carries no risk of transmission.

Period of Communicability

Throughout the course of the disease and lifetime of a person with positive HIV.

Preventive Measures

Use Universal/Standard Precautions. Use approved disinfectant and gloves to clean up body fluids (semen, blood, vomitus). Educate individuals concerning the mode of transmission, sex education, abstinence, safer sex practices, and avoiding the use of illegal intravenous drugs.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality of diagnosis, records, etc. must be maintained at all times by everyone involved. There are legal implications concerning a student or employee with HIV/AIDS.

Serving the Residents of Kendall County Since 1966
811 W. John Street, Yorkville, IL 60560   •   630-553-9100